The development of Information and communication technologiesICT and advancements in connectivity have driven the growth of such innovative and revolutionary tools for businesses and organizations as Clouda concept that may seem abstract if we think of the literal meaning of ‘cloud’, but its usefulness is gaining more and more users.
This technology offers services and tools that are stored externally (in the cloud), and run on users’ devices. It uses connectivity as a means of delivering them as they are stored in the cloud.
In this way, companies can not only enjoy access to a wide range of software, storage services and other tools based on new technologies, but also store and manage companies’, organizations’ and individuals’ data in such a way that they are always available.
How Cloud Computing Works
Cloud platforms provide instant access to the information stored there, as well as to a range of services and tools such as data analysis, artificial intelligence (AI) and Internet of Things (IoT) management, so that these tools and services are always up-to-date.
How is it possible? Cloud Computing works with the design of a network of connected servers. In this way, the servers take over the role of administrators, that is, they are responsible for making the system work, and enable users to connect to the cloud service.
In this way, users connect to the cloud via an intuitive and user-friendly front-end application interface. The second part of the cloud computing system is the cloud service, known as the back-end.
There are four types of clouds: public, hybrid private and multi-cloud, depending on whether the services are provided via shared servers with multiple users, such as Google Cloud or Amazon Web Services, or whether access is limited to a specific group of users; while hybrid clouds are the result of connecting a private cloud with a public cloud, and if the services of several cloud providers are used, it will be a multicloud.
Benefits of working in the cloud
The biggest advantage is that since everything is stored in the cloud, everything is accessible via the Internet from anywhere on the planet and from any device, which among other things facilitates remote and hybrid work (face-to-face and remote) and saves companies from having and maintaining their own physical servers, and this reduces costs.
Updates are performed almost automatically by the company providing the Cloud services, without this happening on a device-by-device basis. This gives companies access to state-of-the-art tools and powerful connectivity infrastructures at no extra cost.
Agility is another of the main benefits that Cloud Computing offers. Companies and organizations become more efficient by having quick and secure access to innovative tools that make their work easier; the benefit from the flexibility of digitalisation by offering tailored and scalable solutions, depending on the needs of the moment, and only paying for it. In this way, companies can launch more ambitious projects without having to think about large expenses.
Without losing control of their digital resources, customers of these services enjoy constant maintenance of the connection infrastructures as well as support for these provided by the company providing the Cloud Computing service, guaranteeing total integration with existing tools and infrastructures without the need for additional investment.
Cyber security in the cloud
However, security is probably the most prominent feature of cloud computing. These services guarantee the total confidentiality of the stored information, as well as the prevention of cyber attacks on these platforms, as they are able to stop any kind of attack or hacking attempt by unknown users.
Sectors such as public administration, banking, defence, health and industry already use this type of service due to the reliability it provides. This is achieved thanks to the use of Blockchain, which data security is paramount: from data storage and management to the management of virtual desktops and tools specifically focused on sales and customer management, such as CRM (Customer Relationship Management) applications or ERPs (Enterprise Resource Planning), or creating backups. In the event of a crisis, data recovery is thus fast and reliable.
Blockchain is a decentralized technology capable of tracking any access to the cloud. The use of both technologies has grown so much that there are even Blockchain solutions in the cloud, facilitating their implementation in all types of businesses.
Gaia-X: European Cloud Computing Project
Following the success of cloud services already offered by major technology companies such as Amazon, Microsoft, Google, IBM, Tencent and Alibaba, Europe has launched a project called GAIA-X. It aims to be a safe alternative in a market led by the US and China, since data is already part of the infrastructure of the digital economyas the Spanish Ministry of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation points out.
GAIA-X is oneEuropean non-profit association of companiescreated to promote digital sovereignty in cloud environments. It aims to become a common European cloud-based data infrastructure, offering access control and reuse functions to those who produce information, through the creation of national hubs.
This project is within the framework of the Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan and is supported by Next Generation EU funds to promote the so-called data economy, which requires a highly developed cloud, as well as “infrastructure services to store and process data, an architecture for sharing data between the various actors and high-capacity, secure, robust and reliable connection”, according to the ministry.